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What causes balance disorders?

Balance is controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebellum, which receives information about the body’s position in relation to the environment from the inner ear vestibular system, eyes, and sensors in the skin, muscles and joints.

Balance disorders can be caused by damage to the vestibular system in the inner ear, the cerebellum, the body’s sensory receptors, or a combination of two or more of these.  This damage can be caused by infections which lead to inflammation, a head injury, changes associated with ageing, and a number of other disease processes. Anxiety and stress can also exacerbate dizziness symptoms.