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Ocular Motility


These presentations have been contributed by Dr Lionel Kowal, Director of the Ocular Motility Clinic at the Eye and Ear.


Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object.

Management of Strabismus and Amblyopia 2017

Strabismus Research Update 2017

How and When Imaging Improves Strabismus Management

Managing Sixth Nerve Palsy in the Elderly (Strabismus for the General Ophthalmologist)

Fusion Re-operations (This presentation looks at strategies for re-operations in consecutive/recurrent strabismus).

Complications of Lateral Rectus Myopexy 2017

Thyroid Eye Disease

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an eye condition in which the eye muscles and fatty tissue behind the eye become inflamed. This can cause the eyes to be pushed forward and the eyes and eyelids to become swollen and red.

Thyroid Eye Disease presentation


Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally (ie both vertically and horizontally), or rotationally in relation to each other.

Cataract Surgery and Diplopia

New Causes of Diplopia

Childhood Diplopia

Inferior Rectus Flap Tear (causes of diplopia after blunt eye trauma)


Aniseikonia is an ocular condition where there is a significant difference in the perceived size of images. It can occur as an overall difference between the two eyes, or as a difference in a particular meridian.

Aniseikonia presentation

Pathological Myopia

Pathological myopia is an extremely high amount of nearsightedness that causes a major alteration of the shape or globe of the eye, which may lead to profound vision loss.

Pathological Myopia presentation



Nystagmus is a vision condition in which the eyes make repetitive, uncontrolled movements.

Childhood Nystagmus 2017

Nystagmus presentation 2016